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Policy Brief 224 - Employment and unemployment among young people: a comparative and retrospective

Policy Brief 224 - Employment and unemployment among young people: a comparative and retrospective

The youth labor market in international comparison
  • Long-term trends for young people in France: population decline, remain in education and lower employment rates
  • Beyond the response to the crisis, what policies "structural" of youth employment?

The crisis of 2007-2009 confirmed the particular sensitivity of youth employment to economic downturns: their unemployment rate rose 6 percentage points in OECD countries (2.5 times the total assets ), erasing the improvement of the previous ten years .

This degradation, observed in France, was even more pronounced in some of our European neighbors. This finding, however, mask a transition from school to work very differently in different countries (duration of studies, combining work with study, etc..).

If the number of young workers (15-29 years) decreased from 2.1 million in France in thirty years, demographics are contributed only half (- 1.2 million). The difference is explained by the strong urging of further education which operated until the mid-1990s. However, the rapid rise in educational level has hardly relaxed the tension at the entry into working life of young people whose difficulties remain (unemployment, employment status, salary).

The measures taken by governments have varied, but are ordered in a few relatively stable categories (short, alternating reduction of labor costs in the market sector, assisted contracts of non-market sector) that are the subject of proposals follow.

To be effective, policies on youth employment must be part of a comprehensive approach that relies on a network by implementing a policy of supporting transverse and based at the territorial level, on a system players better coordinated.

  • Authors: Jean-Louis Dayan and Mohamed Harfi , Department Jobs - Employment Center for Strategic Analysis.

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